Difference between false and illusion!
One question has been daunting to me for some time. I understand that everything I can grasp with my senses is an illusion. So whatever I see with my eyes is an illusion created by the ego. I am looking at a book right now. Is this also part of the illusion? How can the ego create such deep knowledge in the form of a book?
As we use the Swapna Nidra Gnyana [Knowledge of dream and sleep] for self-inquiry, let’s look at dreams closely.
In your dreams, do you recognize that the event seems very real? As the dreamer, do you doubt the reality of the situation? NO! You never ever think twice about it. Only as the waker, you look back at the dream and dismiss the dream events.
Similarly, the events in the waking world seem very real. Just like you firmly believe in the depth of the knowledge in the book before you. As the waker, you do not doubt the current happenings. But when you take the stand of Awareness or Knowingness, you go beyond the body-mind, and then it becomes very simple to dismiss these waking dream events too. Recognize this similarity.
Secondly, when the waker awakens from the dream, he may dismiss the events of the dream but he cannot totally deny the occurrence of the dream. Similarly, in this waking-dream, you-the-awareness can dismiss the body-mind & objects of the world as illusory but you cannot deny the occurrence of this waking illusion. The dream occurred. The illusion of the world occurred.
So what can you say about this waking world?
1] It is not real because it appears and disappears. That which is real is permanent. It does not appear and disappear. Every morning the world appears, every night it disappears. It is not permanent. Therefore it is not real.
2] It is not false because false would imply that it does not exist at all. But it is. So it is not false.
So what do you call something that is not real and not false?
It is illusory. Illusory means that it does not stand independently by itself. In short, it is called unreal. So when the sages use the word ‘mithya’, it is correctly translated as illusion or unreal. It is not false.
This is the actual difference between real, unreal, and false. Real means something is. False means something is not. Illusion means something is not what it appears to be.
Thus in your scenario, the observer [you] is an illusion. The observed [book] is an illusion. Why? Because neither the observer nor the observed remain outside the waking state. That which appears and disappears is an illusion!
Hope the difference between real, false, and illusion is clear. If it is, give a few examples. You can comment below.
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